Is desalination part of the water cycle?

Is desalination part of the water cycle?

To produce water suitable for drinking and irrigation, water desalination removes salt and minerals from seawater. The natural version of this process is the water cycle. This transformation happens because the sun heats the Earth’s surface, causing water to evaporate.

Where does desalination occur?

The most important users of desalinated water are in the Middle East, (mainly Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Bahrain), which uses about 70% of worldwide capacity; and in North Africa (mainly Libya and Algeria), which uses about 6% of worldwide capacity.

What process does desalination of ocean water use?

Seawater desalination is the removal of salt and impurities from seawater to produce fresh water. Our desalination plants use a reverse osmosis process. Seawater is pumped into the desalination plant from the ocean and passes through pre-treatment filtration to remove most of the large and small particles.

What do you know about desalination how sea water is converted into drinking water?

Desalination is a technique where the excess salts are removed from sea water or brackish water converting it into safe potable or usable water. Desalination methods are categorized into thermal processes and membrane processes.

Which is the natural version of the desalination process?

The natural version of this process is the water cycle. Two fundamental human-made desalination methods are thermal technologies and membrane technologies. Natural Water Desalination (the Water Cycle) — Water is the only substance that can exist as gas, liquid and solid in the naturally occurring temperature ranges on Earth.

Where does the US use the most desalinated water?

Among industrialized countries, the United States is one of the most important users of desalinated water, especially in California and parts of Florida. The cost of desalination has kept desalination from being used more often.

Why are desalination plants used in the Middle East?

As clean freshwater has become scarcer around the world— especially in arid regions such as the Middle East and North Africa—those countries that can afford it have increasingly turned to desalination. That energy-intensive process extracts salt from sea (or other saline) water, transforming it into water that’s fit for human consumption.

Why are desalination plants so expensive to build?

Large scale desalinisation plants tend to use large amounts of energy to produce the water as well as costly infrastructure, therefore when compared to drawing fresh water from rivers and groundwater, desalinated water is very expensive.