What is the meaning of basidiocarp?
basidiocarp, also called basidioma, in fungi, a large sporophore, or fruiting body, in which sexually produced spores are formed on the surface of club-shaped structures (basidia). Basidiocarps are found among the members of the phylum Basidiomycota (q.v.), with the exception of the rust and smut fungi.
What is difference between basidia and basidiocarp?
Basidia are found on the surface of the hymenium, and the basidia ultimately produce spores. In its simplest form, a basidiocarp consists of an undifferentiated fruiting structure with a hymenium on the surface; such a structure is characteristic of many simple jelly and club fungi.
What is the difference between Ascocarp and basidiocarp?
The key difference between Ascocarp and Basidiocarp is that the ascocarp is the fruiting body of ascomycete that produces ascospores while the basidiocarp is the fruiting body of basidiomycete that produces basidiospores. Ascocarp and Basidiocarp are two fruiting bodies that bear spores of each group of fungi.
Are basidiospores asexual?
Are Basidiospores asexual? No. The life cycle of Basidiomycota can be divided into two phases – sexual and asexual. Basidiospores are used in sexual reproduction.
What type of basidiocarp is Ganoderma?
Ganoderma are characterized by basidiocarps that are large, perennial, woody brackets also called “conks”. They are lignicolous and leathery either with or without a stem. The fruit bodies typically grow in a fan-like or hoof-like form on the trunks of living or dead trees.
Is basal part of basidiocarp?
Stipe: It is the basal part of the basidiocarp. In this region the hyphae run longitudinally parallel to each other.
What is a basidiocarp Class 11?
Basidiocarp is a fruiting body in basidiomycetes. It bears basidium where basidiospores are formed during sexual reproduction.
What is the relationship between a Basidiocarp and mycelium?
Thus, each cell in this mycelium has two haploid nuclei, which will not fuse until formation of the basidium. Eventually, the secondary mycelium generates a basidiocarp, a fruiting body that protrudes from the ground—this is what we think of as a mushroom.
What does a basidiospore do?
Basidiomycetes form sexual spores externally from a structure called a basidium. Four basidiospores develop on appendages from each basidium. These spores serve as the main air dispersal units for the fungi.