What is the environmental factors that affect birth?

What is the environmental factors that affect birth?

A Sampling of Environmental Agents Studied in Relation to Birth Defects

Agent1,2 Birth Defect(s)
Organic solvents Neural tube, cardiac, limb defects; oral clefts; gastroschisis; developmental disorders
Organochlorine pesticides Cryptorchidism, hypospadias
Ozone Cardiac defects, cleft lip with or without cleft palate

What causes low birth rate?

In addition there are socio-economic factors that have led to women and couples delaying having children. Lack of affordable housing, flexible and part-time career posts for women and affordable and publicly funded (free) child care have contributed to the current low fertility/birth rates.

What are environmental factors that may cause malformations in the developing embryo?

An environmental cause can include drugs, alcohol, or a disease the mother has that can increase the chance for the baby to be born with a birth defect. An agent that can cause a birth defect is known as a teratogen. Multifactorial birth defects are caused by a combination of genes and environmental exposures.

What are the risk factors of low birth weight?

Who is at risk for very low birth weight?

  • Having an infection during pregnancy.
  • Not gaining enough weight during pregnancy.
  • Having a previous pregnancy with a low-birth-weight baby.
  • Smoking.
  • Using alcohol or drugs.
  • Being younger than age 17 or older than age 35.
  • Being African American.

How do environmental factors affect birth death and migration explain?

Environmental factors that affect death are climate and natural calamities. Migration is the movement of people from one place to another in search of good facilities and opportunities. Social factors that cause migration are education, marriage, transportation, health services, entertainment etc.

Are global birth rates declining?

Looking at those numbers, it might be easy to assume the human population will just keep expanding, but the reality is very different: global average fertility rates have dropped by half over the last fifty years, from five children per woman in 1968 to just 2.5 in 2017.

How does low birth weight affect development?

Very low birth weight babies (less than 1500g) are at increased risk for chronic conditions such as respiratory problems, poor postnatal growth, cerebral palsy, and infections. These conditions increase the need for special education and services.

Which of the following health problems are low birth weight babies likely to suffer from later in life?

Past studies have established that babies with a low birth weight are at increased risk of numerous health problems later in life, including obesity, hypertension, diabetes and heart disease.

What are the causes and consequences of low birth weight?

What causes low birthweight? The primary cause is premature birth, being born before 37 weeks gestation; a baby born early has less time in the mother’s uterus to grow and gain weight, and much of a fetus’ weight is gained during the latter part of the mother’s pregnancy.

How might environmental influences affect newborn growth and development?

A child’s development is influenced by a wide range of factors that are governed by both nature and nurture. The environment your child grows up in , attention, affection given by parents, acceptance by parents in daily life, overall diet can be a major influence on his/her life.