What ships took Arctic convoys?

What ships took Arctic convoys?

Soviet patrol ship Rubin, Soviet patrol ship Brilliant, British minesweeper Harrier, British minesweeper Niger, and British minesweeper Gossamer set sail from Polyarny, Russia; they made rendezvous with Allied convoy PQ-15 in the Kola Inlet at 2300 hours. Allied convoy QP-11 arrived at Reykjavík, Iceland at 0700 hours.

How many Arctic convoys are there?

Between August 1941 and the end of the war, a total of 78 convoys made the perilous journey to and from north Russia, carrying four million tons of supplies for use by Soviet forces fighting against the German Army on the Eastern Front. In summary, about 1400 merchant ships delivered vital supplies to Russia.

Where did the Arctic convoys leave from?

The Arctic convoys of World War II were oceangoing convoys which sailed from the United Kingdom, Iceland, and North America to northern ports in the Soviet Union – primarily Arkhangelsk (Archangel) and Murmansk in Russia.

What happened PQ 17?

6 bombers. PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied Arctic convoy during the Second World War. On 27 June 1942, the ships sailed from Hvalfjörður, Iceland, for the port of Arkhangelsk in the Soviet Union….Convoy PQ 17.

Date 27 June – 10 July 1942
Location Arctic Ocean
Result German victory

Who is entitled to the Arctic Star?

Arctic Star

The Arctic Star
Presented by the Monarch of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth realms
Eligibility All Ranks
Campaign(s) Battle of the Atlantic, for service north of the Arctic Circle
Established 19 December 2012

How do you get an Arctic Convoy medal?

Award criteria

  1. Royal Navy and Merchant Navy personnel must have served anywhere at sea north of the Arctic Circle.
  2. Air crew of the Air Forces are eligible if they landed north of the Arctic Circle or served in the air over this area.

Who had the best navy in WW2?

the Royal Navy
At the beginning of World War II, the Royal Navy was the strongest navy in the world, with the largest number of warships built and with naval bases across the globe. It had over 15 battleships and battlecruisers, 7 aircraft carriers, 66 cruisers, 164 destroyers and 66 submarines.

Did the Russians have a navy in WW2?

The Soviet Navy (Sovietskiy Flot) that fought in WW2 was a small (comparatively however on a larger scale than the kriegsmarine) in 1941, but with losses and fall in wartime production, dwindled rapidly; Nevertheless she was still an asset that Stalin used at best in the black sea and the Baltic until 1945.

Where did the Arctic convoys go in World War 2?

After Germany invaded the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941, the Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin, demanded help and Britain and its allies provided supplies. The most direct route was by sea, around northern Norway to the Soviet ports of Murmansk and Archangel.  The first convoy sailed in September 1941.

Who was the last survivor of the Arctic convoys?

The last surviving veterans of the so-called Arctic Convoys will be receiving medals to mark the anniversary of the final naval escorts of World War Two. Harold Boudier, 94, from Penarth, was on the last wartime supply voyage to Russia from a naval base in Scotland, which he joined 75 years ago today.

How many merchant seamen died in the Arctic convoys?

The merchant ships were attacked by U-boats and aircraft, and only 11 out of 34 reached the Soviet Union. In all, 153 merchant seamen died. In the background is the Soviet tanker Azerbaijan, whose mainly female crew saved their ship after it was bombed and set on fire. Conditions were among the worst faced by any Allied sailors.

Where was the first supply convoy in World War 2?

Before a month’s time, Soviet destroyers were escorting in the first supply convoy, uniquely codenamed Dervish, into the Dvina River, which led to Arkhangelsk.