What is Nigeria jurisdiction?
jurisdiction is the authority over the subject of the legal questions given rise to the proceedings. For example, only the High Court of a State in Nigeria has jurisdiction over the subject matter of. a divorce proceeding pursuant to the provisions of the Matrimonial Causes Act, 2004.
What is another name for court of general jurisdiction?
For example, in California, a superior court is considered a court of general jurisdiction; however, certain superior courts are designated to hear only juvenile matters, thereby becoming a court of limited jurisdiction when sitting as a juvenile court.
What is court’s jurisdiction?
jurisdiction, in law, the authority of a court to hear and determine cases. A court may also have authority to operate within a certain territory. Summary jurisdiction, in which a magistrate or judge has power to conduct proceedings resulting in a conviction without jury trial, is limited in the U.S. to petty offenses.
What is Nigeria court system?
The Nigerian constitution recognizes courts as either Federal or State courts. The Federal courts are: the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeal and the Federal High Court. The State courts include: the High Court of a State, the Customary Court of Appeal of a State and the Sharia Court of Appeal of a State.
What is jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
Article III, Section II of the Constitution establishes the jurisdiction (legal ability to hear a case) of the Supreme Court. The Court has original jurisdiction (a case is tried before the Court) over certain cases, e.g., suits between two or more states and/or cases involving ambassadors and other public ministers.
What is the name of a court that has original jurisdiction?
the court in which a case is originally tried is known as a trial court. A trial court has original jurisdiction. In the federal court system, the district courts as well as several other lower courts have only original jurisdiction.
Which is the basis of jurisdiction of courts in Nigeria?
In Nigeria, the basis of jurisdiction of the courts is the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. By the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, all courts in the federation derive their jurisdiction or competence from the constitution.
Is the Supreme Court of Nigeria an appellate court?
The appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of Nigeria is as provided in Section 233(1) of the Constitution. The appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court confers on the Supreme Court exclusive jurisdiction to hear and determine appeals from the Court of Appeal.
Is there a Federal High Court in Nigeria?
The Federal High Court unlike the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeal is divided into several judicial divisions for easy administrative duties convenience and it is located in over 15 States in Nigeria. The existence of the Federal High Court is provided in the 1999 constitution under section 249 of 1999.
How is the National Industrial Court in Nigeria?
Similar to the Federal High Court, the National Industrial Court is divided into several judicial divisions for administrative convenience scattered in several states in Nigeria. The National Industrial Court functions include the jurisdiction in civil cases and grounds that are set out in Section 254C of the 1999 Constitution.