Where is the oil pressure relief valve located?
To address this, there’s a pressure relief valve located at the oil pump outlet. Its purpose is to open when engine oil pressure reaches a certain value. A problem with the pressure relief valve can cause damage to the engine oil filter and to the engine itself.
How is oil supplied to an overhead camshaft lifter?
in the case of overhead camshafts, via direct contact with the valve stem or rocker arm. Oil under constant pressure is supplied to the lifter via an oil channel, through a small hole in the lifter body. When the engine valve is closed (lifter in a neutral position), the lifter is free to fill with oil.
What happens when the oil pump relief valve fails?
This allows oil to flow back into the crankcase preventing excessive oil pressure. The spring tension of the relief valve determines the maximum oil pressure. Oil pump pressure relief valves can fail in either the open or closed position. This can cause damage to the engine oil filter and to the engine itself.
Where is the hydraulic lifter in an engine?
The hydraulic lifter, situated between the camshaft and each engine’s valve, is a hollow steel cylinder encasing an internal piston. This piston is held at the outer limit of its travel with a strong spring. The lobed camshaft rhythmically presses against the lifter, which transmits the motion to the engine valve one of two ways:
Why do you need lifters, pushrods and valve springs?
Install a hotter cam with more lift and duration for more power, and you also have to upgrade the valve springs and pushrods to handle the higher engine speeds and loads. As RPMs go up, so does the need for stiffer valve springs, stiffer pushrods and lighter valvetrain components (valves, retainers and rockers).
How much seat pressure does a Chevy lift cam need?
Higher speeds and loads take a toll on the valve springs, and over time the springs will weaken and lose tension. Single springs with 80 to 90 lbs. of seat pressure are usually good enough for a typical SB Chevy street performance engine with a flat tappet .450˝ lift cam.
Why do I need to change the needle bearings on my lifter?
If the engine has extremely stiff dual or triple valve springs, it may overload the needle bearings and shorten the life of the lifters. Replacing the individual needle bearings with a single large bushing spreads the load over a much broader surface, allowing the lifter to handle higher loads.
Modern vehicles include the pressure relief valve in the oil pump housing which can be found inside the engine behind the timing cover or the oil pan. Because of this, a vehicle service manual is mandatory to find the location of the valve as the design varies.
What would happen if the oil pressure relief valve is stuck open?
A pressure relief valve that is stuck open can allow too much oil to bleed off. This results in a lack of oil pressure and catastrophic engine damage. A valve stuck closed will result in excessive oil pressure. This can blow out the oil galley plugs in the engine block.
What causes a pressure relief valve to fail?
System is Over Maximum Pressure If your system is above pressure and your pressure relief valves have not released, this is likely a functional pressure relief valve failure. Contaminants, like dirt, lint, rust, sludge, or even the misalignment of the valve can cause the pressure relief valve to stick.
Where is the oil trap on a Volvo?
This is fairly easy to explain because on just about every Volvo model the oil trap is located to the side of the engine block underneath the intake manifold. A few exceptions are when the oil trap is actually built into the oil filter box on Volvo C30, C70 2006-Up, S40 2004.5-Up and V50 models.
Is the Volvo oil trap the same as a PCV valve?
Those of us over a certain age remember older cars having a PCV valve (Positive Crankcase Ventilation). The Volvo oil trap accomplishes the same thing as a PCV valve which is allow the engine to breath. You may not know this but the combustion engine needs air coming in and therefore air going out.
Where to look for oil leaks in a Volvo?
Oil leaks which can be seen below the engine or on top of the valve cover is common too. Look at the oil fill cap on top of the engine and look for oil residue. Also look at your engine oil dipstick for leaks. Engine Oil dipstick pops out of the pipe and keeps doing it every time you run the engine.
Where is the breather cap on a Volvo?
In the old, old days engines had a breather cap located on the valve cover and the air/oil mixture just came out the cap and you would wipe up the oil residue off your valve cover.