What is the end result of DNA translation?

What is the end result of DNA translation?

The amino acid sequence is the final result of translation, and is known as a polypeptide. Polypeptides can then undergo folding to become functional proteins.

What is the final outcome of translation What does it accomplish?

Termination. Eventually, after elongation has proceeded for some time, the ribosome comes to a stop codon, which signals the end of the genetic message. As a result, the ribosome detaches from the mRNA and releases the amino acid chain. This marks the final phase of translation, which is called termination (Figure 9).

What is the end result of translation quizlet?

What is the end result of Translation? One protein or a long chain of amino acids.

What is the end result and purpose of transcription?

Explanation: Transcription results in production of RNA , it can be mRNA , rRNA and tRNA.

Where does translation begin and end?

In this situation, translation begins at the 5′ end of the mRNA while the 3′ end is still attached to DNA. In all types of cells, the ribosome is composed of two subunits: the large (50S) subunit and the small (30S) subunit (S, for svedberg unit, is a measure of sedimentation velocity and, therefore, mass).

What are the stop codons in DNA?

UGA, UAA, and UAG are stop codons.

How do I know which reading frame is right for me?

To identify an open reading frame:

  1. Locate a sequence corresponding to a start codon in order to determine the reading frame – this will be ATG (sense strand)
  2. Read this sequence in base triplets until a stop codon is reached (TGA, TAG or TAA)

What is the result of translation?

The molecule that results from translation is protein — or more precisely, translation produces short sequences of amino acids called peptides that get stitched together and become proteins. During translation, little protein factories called ribosomes read the messenger RNA sequences.

What is the end results of protein synthesis?

The result of protein synthesis is a chain of amino acids that have been attached, link by link, in a specific order. This chain is called a polymer or polypeptide and is constructed according to a DNA-based code. Polypeptide chains are formed during the translation process of protein synthesis.

How is translation terminated?

Translation termination occurs when the ribosome encounters a stop codon (UAG, UAA, or UGA) in the A site. Upon stop-codon recognition, RF1 and RF2 promote the hydrolysis of the ester bond in peptidyl–tRNA in the P site, leading to the release of the completed protein and the termination of protein synthesis.

What happens during the process of DNA translation?

During the process of translation, a cell �reads� the information of DNA in messenger RNA (or mRNA) and works to build a protein. However, messenger RNA (mRNA) does not encode always, it gives the instruction for the whole protein. The messenger RNA (mRNA) always encodes a �polypeptide�, or the chain of amino acid.

Which is the last stage of the translation process?

Translation: Beginning, middle, and end. Elongation (“middle”): in this stage, amino acids are brought to the ribosome by tRNAs and linked together to form a chain. Termination (“end”): in the last stage, the finished polypeptide is released to go and do its job in the cell.

Where does translation take place in the cell?

Translation is a process by which the genetic code contained within a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule is decoded to produce a specific sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. It occurs in the cytoplasm following transcription and, like transcription, has three stages: initiation, elongation and termination.

How is the genetic code decoded in translation?

Use the information in this article to help you with the answers. Translation is a process by which the genetic code contained within a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule is decoded to produce a specific sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain.