What is the difference between hardwood and softwood species?

What is the difference between hardwood and softwood species?

Hardwood trees are angiosperms, plants that produce seeds with some sort of covering. This might be a fruit, such as an apple, or a hard shell, such as an acorn. Softwoods, on the other hand, are gymnosperms. These plants let seeds fall to the ground as is, with no covering.

What species is softwood?

What are Softwood Species? Softwoods come from conifer trees, or cone-bearing trees. North American softwood species have needle-shaped foliage instead of the leaves found on hardwood trees.

What Woods are hardwood and softwood?

Examples of hardwood trees include alder, balsa, beech, hickory, mahogany, maple, oak, teak, and walnut. Examples of softwood trees are cedar, Douglas fir, juniper, pine, redwood, spruce, and yew. Most hardwoods have a higher density than most softwoods. Most softwoods have a lower density than most hardwoods.

How is a hardwood species defined?

Hardwood is wood from dicot trees. These are usually found in broad-leaved temperate and tropical forests. In temperate and boreal latitudes they are mostly deciduous, but in tropics and subtropics mostly evergreen. Hardwood (which comes from angiosperm trees) contrasts with softwood (which is from gymnosperm trees).

What is softwood and hardwood for?


Hardwood Softwood
It is more resistant to fire. It is less resistant to fire.
It is used to produce highly-durable and high-quality furniture, deck, flooring etc. It has a wide range of applications such as windows, doors, medium-density fiberboard, paper etc.

Why is it called hardwood and softwood?

Hard wood is the wood that comes from flowering plants, also known as angiosperm. Softwood is the wooD that comes from gymnosperm trees, which have needles and produce cones. Gymnosperm is a Greek term meaning “naked seed.” These trees are usually evergreen conifers such as spruce or pine trees.

What does hardwood and softwood mean?

Wood from coniferous gymnosperm is called softwood which is more porous and less dense, while wood from Angiosperm is called hardwood which is less porous and more dense.

What are softwood properties?

Softwood properties: Flexible, lighter in weight and less dense than most hardwoods, softwoods are frequently used for interior mouldings, the manufacturing of windows, construction framing and generating sheet goods such as plywood and fibreboard.

What is hardwood used for?

Hardwood is considered the ultimate versatile material, with applications ranging from exquisite veneers and furniture, musical instruments, flooring, construction and boatbuilding.

What are the uses of softwood?

Softwoods are generally most used by the construction industry and are also used to produce paper pulp, and card products.

What are properties of hardwood?

Hardwood properties: Sourced from broad-leaved trees, hardwoods tend to be slower growing and are usually more dense than softwoods. As a result of their condensed and more complex structure, hardwoods generally offer a superior level of strength and durability.

What are soft and hard wood used for?

Hardwood does not necessarily refer to a wood that is hard and dense. Similarly, softwood is not necessarily a soft or less dense wood. Let us see how they differ from each other!…Softwood:

Hardwood Softwood
It is more expensive than softwood. It is generally less expensive than hardwood.

What trees are considered softwood?

Softwoods (or “gymnosperms”) are the conifers, the needle-bearing trees that are often evergreen. Softwoods that grow in Tennessee include the pines, eastern redcedar and cypress. Hardwoods (or “angiosperms”) are broad-leaved, mostly deciduous trees. Oaks , poplar , maples and cherry are all hardwoods.

What is the difference between hardwood and softwood?

Understanding the Differences. The primary difference between hardwood and softwood trees in a landscape is that hardwoods shed their leaves once a year, whereas softwood trees retain their leaves throughout the year.

What is the softest wood?

Balsa is the softest common wood at 100 pounds-force Janka hardness with White Pine next in line around 400. Douglas Fir is around 650, Cherry 1000, and Red Oak 1300.

What are the examples of softwoods?

Douglas fir – joinery,doors and heavy construction

  • Eastern white pine – furniture
  • European spruce – used throughout construction,panelling and cladding
  • Larch – used for cladding and boats
  • Lodgepole pine – roofing,flooring and in making chipboard and particle board
  • Parana pine – stair treads and joinery